Pages

Wednesday, May 25, 2022

A concept of Voting, in a simplest way. :: eVoting can be an AUTOMATIC process with AADHAAR.

Just AUTOMATIC


::  A concept of Voting, in a simplest way.  ::  eVoting can be an AUTOMATIC process with AADHAAR.  ::


-> Accuracy in Voting; i.e., No duplicate/fake/invalid Votes. 

-> AADHAAR-holders need not register for Voter ID separately.

-> No EPIC (Elector Photo Identity Card) required.  AADHAAR is sufficient. 

-> Each and every AADHAAR-holder can Vote forever, once they get eligibility.  

- Government need not spend much Time and Money, for Voter Registration and Verification.  AADHAAR is already having a defined process for this. 

- People also need not do (Re)Registration(s) and Verifications, for Voting.  

-> Government money will be saved.    

-> Government can easily inform to AADHAAR-holders about Voting Process in different ways (Mobile/eMail). 

   Voting Process:

- Before Vote: Voting Time; Nearest Polling Station info.

- After Completion of Vote.

-> Challenges: 

- AADHAAR details are highly confidential; and Government is using AADHAAR for only defined purpose.   

- Election Process is an essential procedure for the Country.  The entire process is executed by 'Election Commission of India/BHARAT'.  So, Government may need to do changes (Amendments/Updates) in AADHAAR ACT, for providing some features to 'Election Commission of India/BHARAT', for the purpose of Pre-Voting Analysis about Voters, Voting instructions, etc.  

- Pre-Voting Analysis about Voters: 

-- No. of Voters in a Constitution; i.e., Men, Women, PwD, Senior Citizen, etc. 

-- Making arrangements and Providing facilities for Voters, based on Analysis.  

Ex: Water, Toilet, PwD facilities, Parking, etc.  

- Extracting Constitution details of People, from their AADHAAR address.  

People may mention Address in AADHAAR, based on convenient to identify Address.  Due to this, they may be related to one Constitution based on Address, and may be related to other Constitution based on Location.  Generally, these kind of issues happen to People, who lives in Remote areas and Border of two Constitution areas. 

These issues can be resolved with Digital Door Number.  

- For a successful Voting Process, make sure that the AADHAAR details (Address, Mobile, eMail) are up to date, for all.  Address is for Constitution details; and Mobile/eMail/Address is for Communication.  Primary Communication is Mobile/eMail.  If any Person is not having Mobile/eMail, then Address is for Communication.    

Once they update their latest Address at AADHAAR, then they can Vote from their present Constitution.

Benefits: People are related to only one Constitution all the time.

- Requirements of Amendments/Updates in AADHAAR ACT and Voting instructions.

For example; If a Voting instruction says: If any Person stays in any Constitution for more than 6 months, then that Person can Vote from that Constitution.  

There will be no issues with this instruction.  People will not change the Address in AADHAAR for temporary migration.  And also, AADHAAR is already having a defined process for Address verification and updation.  

'Election Commission of India/BHARAT' may need to make an amendment, for clear processing.  Amendment: If People update their latest Address at AADHAAR, then they can Vote from their present Constitution.

eVoting Process Automation: AADHAAR-holder can vote from any nearest Polling Station in the Country.  


-> eVoting get unlocked on successful completion of eAADHAAR Authentication process, for a Person.    

-> Based on AADHAAR info of Person, eVoting verifies the eligibility for Voting.  

-> If Person is not eligible for Voting, eVoting displays the info.  

-> For eligible Voter, based on Constitution details, eVoting displays the required Ballot details on a touch-screen for Voting.  

For Visual-impaired Person:  

- eVoting enables Audio.  Person can listen instructions and then Vote.  Head-phones can be provided for them, during Voting.

- Braille sheet can be attached on the touch-screen with (the specific Constitution) Ballot details, for easy Voting.  

-> After Person is Voted, eVoting confirms the Vote; and get locked. 

-> Benefits: 

- Voter can vote from any nearest Polling Station in the Country. 

-- If Voter is not available at Constitution during Elections.

-- If Voter doesn't know the Polling Station details.  

- Voter need not travel much for Voting.

- Government Staff (Army, Police, Polling Station, Election, etc.) can Vote from their location.  Polling Station Staff can be the first Voters in their respective Polling Station.  Postal Ballot may not be required.

- If Voting is conducted in BHARAT at different times; Voter is moved from 'Voting is Completed Constitution' to other 'Voting is not completed Constitution', and updated Address at AADHAAR during this span of time; eVoting will not allow for duplicate Voting for that ELECTION.  

- A facility may be required for the Voters whoever not available in BHARAT during Elections.

-> Precautions:

- If Voting is conducted throughout BHARAT at same time, any nearest Polling Station process works well.

- If Voting is conducted in BHARAT at different times, the Authorized Center(s) may be required at each Ward/Constitution.  This is applicable in case of eReVoting also. 

eReVoting Challenges: While conducting eReVoting in any one Constitution, specific Authorized Centers throughout BHARAT need to be made available, to facilitate the (migrated) People whoever eligible for eReVoting.  

- Privacy: Confidential:  While conducting ELECTIONs, eVoting can have the Voting history of People, but should not have the details.... to whom those People have voted.  

Based on these (Voted Vs Not Voted) reports, (Social Science) Research Department can research further to improve Voting (facilities).  


-> NIRAM LanKeys (www.lankeys.blogspot.com): 

* Making Text in Mother-tongue or any desired language.

* Highly Secured Authentication with World languages.

* Natural Language Processing with Audio. 


-> Target: 

- 100% Voting. 



*  *  *  *  * 

Thursday, April 14, 2022

BHARATEEYA Post Office :: Digital Post :: ePost :: 24X7 Facility

Just AUTOMATIC


::  BHARATEEYA Post Office  ::  Digital Post  ::  ePost  ::  24X7 Facility  ::



 -> OFFLINE (PhysicalCopy): Machinery for the following Task: Anytime Post:

* Calculate the value of Stamps based on Parameters [ Weight of Letter/Parcel; and Type of Post (Ordinary/CertificateOf/Registered/Speed/Book Post); and Location BHARAT/Foreign.]; and Print them (with 'Barcode / QR code') by receiving Payment (Cash/Digital). 

* Provide the required stamps/envelopes/postcards/inland for BHARAT/Foreign Location, by receiving Payment (Cash/Digital).  

* Dropbox for Card/Letter.

* Sorting of Letters based on 'TO Address'.

- Letters that are received from Postboxes.

- Letters to be given to Postmen for Delivery.


-> Tollfree Helpline:  

* Track the ePost

* Postal Charges 

* Pin-codes

* Post Office Locations


-> ONLINE features: ePost:

* ePost is a facility which receives the 'processed SoftCopy' of the Card/Letter at Source; and dispatches the 'processed PhysicalCopy' of them at Destination; in the following process ways:

- Process at Source ((Web, Mobile, etc.) App): Receives SoftCopy of the Card/Letter, to Send.  [convertion not required.]

- Process at Source (Post Office): Receives PhysicalCopy of the Card/Letter; and converts them to ScanCopy/SoftCopy, to Send. 

- Process at Destination (Post Office): Receives ScanCopy/SoftCopy of the Card/Letter; and converts them to PhysicalCopy, for dispatch.


* Stages of Card/Letter: SoftCopy, PhysicalCopy, ScanCopy, PrintedCopyAtDestination, RePrintedCopyAtSource. 


* Machine Features: "ScanPostErosionForProcess", "PrintPackPostForDelivery".


* Status of Card/Letter: 

- At Source: DropboxAtSrc, ScannedAtSrc, Posted/Submitted/Sent AtSrc, ErosionAtSrc.

- At Destination: PrintedAtDest, DropboxAtDest, AssignedAtDest, DeliveredAtDest, UndeliveredAtDest, ErosionUndeliveredAtDest.

- Return At Source: PrintedReAtSrc, DropboxReAtSrc, AssignedReAtSrc, DeliveredReAtSrc, UndeliveredReAtSrc, ErosionUndeliveredReAtSrc. 

- Acknowledgement At Source: PrintedAckAtSrc, DropboxAckAtSrc, AssignedAckAtSrc, DeliveredAckAtSrc, UndeliveredAckAtSrc, ErosionUndeliveredAckAtSrc.


* ePost (Web, Mobile, etc.) App : SoftCopy : 

- Source: An EndCustomer can write a Card/Letter at Online by specifying Address; and make a Post.  The content may be uploaded document.  

- Destination: Undelivered Card/Letter: If printed copy of Card/Letter is not delivered at Destination within specific time (For example, two weeks), Postman will mark it as RETURN at machine in Post Office; the machine will make it as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report), for Security/Privacy.  'RETURN Delivery' and Acknowledgement may not be required for SoftCopy, as full details are available at Online.  

* ePost at Post Office: "ScanPostErosionForProcess", "PrintPackPostForDelivery".

- At Source: PhysicalCopy to ScanCopy: 

-- An EndCustomer can 'Scan (with/without OCR feature) & Post' a Card/Letter at Post Office, for Online process.  

-- There will be ePost Dropbox at Post Office for the same purpose.  Post Office Staff can process ('Scan & Post') them, for Online process.  

-- On successful completion of process ('Scan & Post'), the machine will make the Card/Letter as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report), for Security/Privacy. 

- At Destination: ScanCopy to PrintedCopyAtDestination:

-- The Card/Letter will be printed (with 'Barcode / QR code') at Destination Post Office; and get delivered.  

-- Undelivered Card/Letter: If printed copy of Card/Letter is not delivered at Destination within specific time (For example, two weeks), Postman will mark it as RETURN in machine; the machine will make it as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report), for Security/Privacy.  

- Return At Source: ScanCopy to RePrintedCopyAtSource:

-- The RETURN Card/Letter will be reprinted at Source, for RETURN Delivery.

-- Finally, the RETURN Card/Letter will be specified as delivered or undelivered at Source.  Machine will make the undelivered RETURN copy as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report), for Security/Privacy.

- Later, ePost system will remove the softcopy of Card/Letter from Database (with an Audit Report), that are marked as DeliveredAtDest and ErosionUndeliveredReAtSrc, for Security/Privacy.

- "ScanPostErosionForProcess" feature to scan physical/printed copy; Post it; and make it as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report).

- "PrintPackPostForDelivery" feature to make a pack of Letter for Delivery; i.e., Printing (Content, TO/FROM address, 'Barcode / QR code', etc.) and Packing (enclosing with/without Cover.  i.e., Additional Cover may not be required for Card and Inland letter.; seal it; and drop it in Dropbox).  

Thus, once EndCustomer (or Post Office Staff) raise a request for ePost at Online, the Pack will be ready for Delivery within span of time, at Destination. 

- Acknowledgement Delivery:  

-- By default, EndCustomer will get Message/eMail on Delivery, if Mobile/eMail specified. 

-- If EndCustomer choose Acknowledgement option while posting; after Delivery of Card/Letter, Acknowledgement will be printed at Source for Delivery.  Finally, the Acknowledgement will be specified as delivered or undelivered.  Machine will make the undelivered Acknowledgement as renewable/recyclable resource (with an Audit Report), for Security/Privacy.    


* OFFLINE  (PhysicalCopy): Normal Postal Service will take care about physical documents.   


* Additional features: 

- EndCustomer can also login the ePost (Web, Mobile, etc.) App with eAADHAAR Authentication, to select FROM address, to save 'TO Addresses', ePosts, (Uploaded) Documents, etc.

- Letter-Cover Design: Size of Letter (Ex: A4/A5); with/without folding; Colour Printing.  ePost (Web, Mobile, etc.) App will display the Postal (Stamp) Charges, based on specific Parameters.  

- Stamp: EndCustomer can choose Logo/Photo for Stamp print; For foreign letters, the Stamp may be BHARATEEYA Flag.

- EndCustomer can post same content for multiple Addresses; i.e., One-to-Many.  Ex: Invitation, Greeting, Notice, etc.

- EndCustomer can raise a bulk order for stamps/envelopes/postcards/inland for BHARAT/Foreign Location.

- EndCustomer can track the status of Delivery.  

- EndCustomer will get Message/eMail on Delivery.

- EndCustomer can see expected Delivery Date (excluding holidays).

- EndCustomer can also choose a Delivery Date, to Post Greeting. 

- Helpline/Computer/Tab facility at Post Offices; to avail the ePost feature.


* Benefits:

- Helpful to the people/receivers who don't have Computer/Internet facility.

- Helpful to the people/senders who knows 'TO Address' don't know/have eMail/Phone/Mobile.

- Print at Destination/Source.  

-- No Transportation.  Save Transportation charges/time.  

-- Safe Delivery.  Prevent Transportation damages in Nature disaster (Cyclone, Heavy Rains, Floods, Storms, Earthquake, etc.) situations.

-- 'RETURN Delivery' and Acknowledgement may not be required for Online requests.

-- 'to and fro' transportation is not required for Acknowledgement.

-- Prevent Stock issues: Minimises the maintenance of Stock (for stamps/envelopes/postcards/inland for BHARAT/Foreign Location) at Post Offices.  Balancing Stock at different places.  Stock damages. 

-- Print as per requirement/need/order.

- Fast and Accuracy Delivery; and Robust process.  As Card/Letter will be printed at Destination, it may take 'minimum one day, and maximum two days (in remote areas)' for Delivery, to any place. 

- Cost effective.  The Postal charges can be very less.

- Space for Advertisement.


-> NIRAM LanKeys (www.lankeys.blogspot.com): 

* Making Text (at Card/Letter) in Mother-tongue or any desired language.

* Highly Secured Authentication with World languages.

* Natural Language Processing with Audio. 


-> Challenges:  World-wide ePost 



*  *  *  *  *